Archive for June, 2010

Pedro Luis Boitel, Cuban student leader assassinated in 1972 after 53 days of hunger strike.
Pedro Luis Boitel, Cuban student leader murdered in 1972 after 53 days of hunger strike.


Spanish Post 

It was the summer of 1995 in the sinister maximum severity prison and punishment regimen  located in the Camaguey penitentiary “Kilo 8”: commonly referred to as “I-lost-the-key.” 

This was when repression there was at its peak, when Barbaro Teran Valladares “Barbarito” and Joaquin Morales Valiente, among others, threw themselves from the roofs to commit suicide, and others like Luis Enrique Portuondo “Chicho” and Hector Consuegra Prin of Holguin cut themselves on their legs, thighs, and arms with shaving blades so that on their way to the clinic they could pick up some cigarette stubs or so that some prisoners could toss them some pieces of bread or small packets  of sugar as they saw them walk by. It was only a few days before the official, La Rosa, would wound his niece with a knife after his frustrated attempt to rape her.  To this day, along with his metal club, he continues striking fear from his overbearing position as Group Chief. 

The disturbing screams and death rattles of Julio Cesar Flores Cespedes, native of Bayamo, were fresh in the air from when the police assassinated him with a series of kicks, just for screaming “Hunger!” A smiliar situation had occurred just days earlier with Cornelio Castro Lasorna, also for screaming “hunger.” 

This was during the times when Jose Antonio Gonzalez Abreu, aka “Papito la Pela”, deeply lacerated his cheeks with a blade in an attempt to awaken compassion in the closed and numbed hearts of the guards. The guards just took him out of his cell and forced him to clean trays in exchange for a little more stew. They also allowed him to pick up the used trays on the floor and let him eat the banana peels that not all the prisoners had eaten. 

There, in the midst of all this repression and resistance, when almost daily the henchmen beat the untameable political prisoner Jesus Chambert Ramirez, still during the time when his other brother, Israel Salvia Ricardo, had not yet lost his vision in the dark cells, the guards had to confront an unexpected and new ghost that would transform that dump of torture and death: the Political Prisoner Pedro Luis Boitel.  The oppressors could not forgive that it was there where the key was lost, where they told you “You are in now, but now you won’t know when or how you will get out, the magic is over.” In that famous place, a war and resistance faction formed. In it, we constantly denounced the atrocities committed, and solidarity between the political prisoners and the common ones continued to grow. 

The movement came to be known as “Pedro Luis Boitel.”  It comprised the prisoners of the jail we were in and also our relatives, who stood together in the legendary National Civic Resistance Movement of the same name.  Later, thanks to the stupid error of the oppressors as they decided to separate us by placing us in different prisons, this effort of ours actually spread throughout different provinces and eventually throughout the internal opposition. 

The result is that now, between the days of May 13 to 25, Cubans in jails, on the streets, and even from exile, come together to pay tribute to the hero of the civil resistance movement in the Castro gulags, that is, to the student leader known as Pedro Luis Boitel Abraham, who died in “El Principe” prison, located in the capital, on May 25, 1972 after a 53 day hunger strike. He was born on May 13, 1939.  This year, the tribute will be especially significant. 

You’d have to be here to see the activities we will carry out on May 19 of this year to honor the life of Orlando Zapata as part of the tribute to Boitel. 

Translated by Raul G.


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Spanish Post

An “earthly paradise,” is what someone dubbed socialism. This notion of political thought, which claims to promote an economic, social, and political system based on the socialization of production systems and control of the economy, found its first theoretical underpinnings in thinkers such as Simon, Fourier, and Owen, although the authors of the Communist Manifesto took it much further: property in the hands of the State, not of the individual. The communist version, with all its radicalism, painted social democrats as revisionists and traitors, as they proposed to socialize society but without class wars and political violence, but rather through electoral and parliamentary means.

But the 20th century arrived, and with it appeared certain personalities who saw in these ideas a breeding ground for their dictatorial desires and iron-fisted monopolies over people and property, and with that, the establishment of a dependency, ideally suited for subjugation and exploitation, of the individual on the State.

Lenin, Stalin, Mao, the dictators of North Korea, Milosevic, and the Castro brothers are only some of the most typical specimens of that new breed of humanity defined of such sad and infamous memory.

I don’t believe I will be getting ahead of myself in thinking that after so many crimes have been committed in the name of an ideology, a country would not use its first free vote to chose a party whose name brings it such sad memories. For Cubans on the island, socialism means an earthly paradise that is reserved for a privileged caste, in contrast to the misery of millions. For Cubans on the island it stands for exploitation, prison, forced exile, and, as opposed to other places Spain where the transition occurred from the right to the left, in Cuba the opposite will occur.

Translated by Raul G.

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Spanish post

Placetas, June 25, 2010

Just a few weeks ago, when I heard the refusal of the regime’s leaders to grant Claudia Cadelo an exit permit so she could leave the country, at the invitation of the Republic of Chile, to receive an important prize she had been awarded, I felt nothing but outrage, along with the certainty that those of us who wish to leave and return to Cuba are flat out denied the “white card”, or card of freedom, that allows us to do so.

I remembered my own case when various governments, the US among them, had approved me for a humanitarian visa in order to travel to receive medical attention. At the time I had suffered two very strong cardiovascular shocks, and after a handful of tests I was diagnosed with having blocked auricle-ventricles, whose causes could only have been determined after more invasive and complex tests, which neither my family nor I accepted, on hearing the doctors themselves say that the risks were greater than the possible benefits.

In this context, friends in and out of Cuba mobilized themselves to help save my life. During and after the US State Department granted me a visa, I established that the only way I would leave Cuba was that if I was going to be able to return.  In fact, I clearly pointed out during the travel permit procedures, that if there was even the least risk of not being able to return, then I would not leave.

“Look, Jorge Luis, immigration was analyzing your case and the reasons for which you are trying to travel are not applicable, but don’t give up yet.  We know that you are a former prisoner of 17 years and there is a specific program for that, only that you can’t…”

“That I can’t return?  Is that what you were going to say?  Look, Colonel, if the condition is that I must leave and will not be able to return, I prefer to die in Cuba.  I was not in prison for leaving the country illegally, and emigration has never been my intention.”

“Well, whatever the case may be, you already have your passport and this suspension…”

(I felt like telling them: shove that passport up your….)

I left the office with my wife, who was also denied, remembering the 90’s when my health had seriously deteriorated and I waited, together with my family, for some results from all the gestures that international personalities and institutions were undertaking for me so that I could at least get permission to leave the country to restore my health.

Now, if they want me to leave Cuba forever they’re going to have to shoot me, because I’m staying in Cuba.

Translated by Raul G.

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Spanish Post

Recently, a letter which was sent to the US Congress by a group of dissidents within the island has inspired me to write a different one.

Why?  First, for the reason that, in many places, this letter was considered to reflect the opinion of the majority of the opposition.

Second, we feel that before we demand such basic freedoms for foreigners we should first demand them for ourselves, the nationals. Thirdly, the letter could have the effect of shifting foreign attention away from the heart of the Cuban situation, the issue of the people vs. the government.  Finally, the obvious oxygenation of the government by tourists and foreign visitors if such measures are taken by the US government.

I confess that it is very difficult for me to publish criticisms that differ from the opinions of such loved and respected figures as Yoani Sanchez, and my other friends from the Blogger Academy, such Dagoberto Valdes, that guajiro from Pinar del Rio (we admire that rare mix of talent and humility), and also Coco Farinas, who finds himself between life and death in a hunger strike as he demands freedom for all our brothers.

But to remain silent and not share our opinions, especially with regards to such controversial and important subjects which are being decided outside our borders in relation to Cuba, would be even more difficult.

I know that there are some people, especially those who reside outside of Cuba, who wrongly believe, from their own megalomania or selfishness, that in order to clearly express one’s points of view one needs a university degree, or as we Cubans say, a name. They then go on to believe that the rest of us have the option only of following or signing what they dictate.

But that is where the error lies. And this letter of ours, signed by a significant portion of us who agree with it, stands for a number of things.

First: the appearance and development of a significant new wave of opposition leaders who, even without those advantages mentioned above, are present in large numbers and who have a very strong ability to summon the public and enjoy sympathy from among the population, which, although sometimes overlooked, is a source of young talent and protagonists for the change that is coming.

Second, a significant part of the opposition is opposed to anything that may result in oxygenation of the repressive apparatus, in other words, we are convinced that freedom for Cubans will only be possible when we are all ready for the greatest sacrifice. And that those that do not have aname, the peasants from the fields, the independent journalist, the Cubans who wait in line, those who are systematically beaten, dragged through the streets, in short, ordinary Cubans must also be taken into account because we also have our opinions and we all make up part of this Cuban nation.

I can only imagine how many controversies our letter may unleash, how many questions will be asked, and even attempts to undermine us aroused, but here we are, ready to substantiate what the letter states, it is part of our democratic practice.

My respect goes out for those who signed the first letter, and hopefully both could contribute to democratic change in Cuba one way or another, although this one, as we point out in it, is far from stating that the pockets and lips of tourists will bring us change, but instead it will be our compatriots who from within and outside the island fight for change.

Oh, and one last thought. It is very true that we Cubans inside of Cuba are fighting from the most difficult position, but those who do the same from exile have an equal share in our struggle, and the subsequent establishment of a free Cuba. Any attempt to isolate them is biased and exclusionary, and although the subject does not appear in any of the letters, it does come up on the part of some of the historic and well-known leaders in relation to a letter on the subject sent by a group of exiled ex-political prisoners.

We point out that the opinions of either letter cannot be interpreted as being the positions of the entire nation without first consulting them. Regardless, we hope for more action and fewer letters. Action leads us to results and gets us closer to freedom while letters just serve as methods that lead to confrontations among ourselves.

A special thanks to those 493 brothers who backed me up on this document. A special thanks to Nestor Rodriguez Lobaina who, before going on a trip, helped me to shape the letter. My sincere apologies to those who feel that, if we had been able to locate them, they would have signed as well. Thanks to all, also to those who think differently, thank you very much.

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Spanish Post

“It happened.”

It was the voice of my sister Berta Antunez from the offices of Directorio, the Cuban Democratic Directorate in Miami, she the first person and they the first organization outside of Cuba to learn of the death of Orlando Zapata, and also the organization that most closely followed his case abroad.

It had been less than 20 minutes since she had called me to tell me that those butchers had spoken to Reina to inform her that Zapata would not survive the next 2 hours. As she continued speaking, I sensed the fear in her voice, as if she did not want to use the word “death.”

“What happened, girl? Explain,” I answered her, with desperation.

“He passed away at 3:30 in the afternoon.”

In my pain and desperation I only managed to say, “Well, well, I’m going to hang up now. I have to take care of some errands. Call me later. Those assassins are some real sons of bitches.”

As soon as I hung up, I saw that the police cars #272 and #279 from the Revolutionary National Police in Placetas were posted on both corners from my house. Double the pain: the loss of a brother, and not being able to accompany him on his final journey.

Translated by Raul G.

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Spanish Post

Honorable Congressmen and Congresswomen of the United States of America:

We write to you – in this exercise of free speech and thought – based on complete respect for diverging points of view and within the spirit of democracy and utmost respect for differing opinions. We believe it is not reasonable, nor fair, to speak in a representative manner on behalf of Cuban civil society, much less, on behalf of the Cuban people, when it concerns H.R. 4645 – title given to the bill concerning the restrictions on travel to Cuba and the promotion of commerce with the island.

It is important to highlight that the total number of views expressed to date on both sides of this issue is not reflective of the views of the Cuban nation in its totality because only through — hypothetically speaking of course — the possibility of a referendum or plebiscite could the Cuban people have an opportunity to truly decide such a controversial issue. First and foremost, it should be noted that the main issue at the core of this polemic is the criminal and inappropriate conduct of the Cuban regime in the area of human rights, which remains under the supervision of the United Nations.

For those of us signing this letter, and other significant sectors of the Cuban people, we are interested — above all — on the lifting of the inhumane structural and institutional blockade of the Havana regime against the civil and political rights of our people, inherent in natural law.

The tragedy of Cuba does not reside in the right to travel of a people who are already free, such as the American people. The main problem resides in the absence of liberty for Cubans, the only citizens of the world who are denied the right to exit or enter their own country and where many find themselves in the condition of hostages.

At a moment such as this, to be benevolent with the dictatorship would mean solidarity with the oppressors of the Cuban nation. The below signatories believe that the freedom of Cuba will not arrive by means of the pocket-book nor the lips of libidinous tourists, who are aseptic to the pain of the Cuban family. Rather, it will come through the efforts of those, who from within and abroad, fight for democratic change in Cuba.

Congressmen/Congresswomen, the cause of liberty, and firm opposition to the oppressive totalitarian dictatorship in Havana, is so sacred that it is above all economic and mercantilist interests.

We understand that we are living important moments for the present and future of our nation. The internal civil society movement has reached a peak moment regarding the current assertive policy by the international democratic community that has wisely taken the side of the oppressed and not of the oppressors.

We believe that initiatives such as the one this letter is responding to, even with the best of intentions, tend to deviate focus and attention from what is happening on the island. For that reason we suggest that you maintain a firm and coherent policy of pressure and condemnation toward the tyranny in Havana. That will represent solidarity with the victims of repression in the homeland of Marti, Boitel and Zapata.

We respect other opinions and expect reciprocity regarding what we are conveying herein. Honorable Members of Congress, since rights are defended by exercising rights, we are defending the right of all Cubans to be free through their own efforts, because we must not forget that the tragedy of Cuba is in the daily confrontation of the people with the dictatorship that oppresses them and not in scenarios outside of our current challenge or with initiatives that represent the granting of oxygen to the sinister totalitarian state that misgoverns our country.

Signed on June 14th, 2010

Jorge Luís García Pérez “Antúnez”
Néstor Rodríguez Lobaina

1) Jorge Luis García Pérez “Antúnez” (expreso político, Placetas, Villa Clara)
2) Néstor Rodríguez Lobaina (expreso político, Baracoa, Guantánamo)
3) Reina Luisa Tamayo Danger (madre del mártir Orlando Zapata Tamayo, Banes, Holguín)
4) Ariel Sigler Amaya (preso político en licencia extrapenal, Matanzas)
5) Guido Sigler Amaya (preso político, Prisión de Agüica)
6) Ernesto Mederos Arrozarena (preso político en huelga de hambre, Prisión de Agüica)
7) Mario Alberto Pérez Aguilera (preso político en huelga de hambre, Prisión de Agüica)
Juan Carlos Herrera Acosta (preso político, Combinado de Guantánamo)
9) Claro Sánchez Altarriba (preso político, Prisión Kilo 7, Camagüey)
10) Abel López Pérez (preso político, Combinado de Guantánamo)
11) Andry Frómeta Cuenca (preso político, Combinado de Guantánamo)
12) Randy Cabrera Mayor (preso político, Combinado de Guantánamo)
13) Ricardo Galván Casals (preso político, Combinado de Guantánamo)
14) Pavel Hernández Manfarrol (preso político, Prisión Kilo 5 1/2)
15) Santiago Cutiño Aguilera (preso político, Combinado de Guantánamo)
16) Luis Enrique Guivert Martínez (preso político, Combinado de Guantánamo)
17) Carlos Luis Díaz Fernández (preso político, Combinado de Guantánamo)
18) Ernesto Durán Rodríguez (preso político, Guantánamo)
19) Fautino Calá Rodríguez (preso político, Cerámica Roja, Camagüey)
20) José Díaz Silva (preso político en licencia extrapenal, Ciudad de La Habana)
21) Ernesto Díaz Esquivel (preso político, Prisión Toledo, Ciudad de La Habana)
22) José Díaz Esquivel (preso político en libertad condicional, Ciudad de La Habana)
23) Próspero Gainza Agüero (preso político, Prisión Cuba Sí, Holguín)
24) Fidel Suárez Cruz (preso político, Prisión Kilo 5 1/2)
25) Juan Luis Rodríguez Desdin (preso político, Playa Manteca, Holguín)
26) Yordis García Fournier (expreso político, Guantánamo)
27) Enyor Díaz Allén (expreso político, Guantánamo)
28) Isael Poveda Silva (expreso político, Guantánamo)
29) Félix Cartesuñe Díaz (expreso político, Guantánamo)
30) Raúl Luis Risco Pérez (expreso político, Pinar del Río)
31) Blas Augusto Fortín Martínez (expreso político, Villa Clara)
32) Oscar Sanchez Madan (expreso político, Matanzas)
33) Virgilio Mantilla Arango (expreso político, Camagüey)
34) Roberto de Jesús Guerra Pérez (expreso político, Ciudad de La Habana)
35) Eduardo Marcos Pacheco Ortiz (expreso político, Matanzas)
36) Conrado Rodríguez Suárez (expreso político, Pinar del Río)
37) Aurelio Antonio Morales Ayala (expreso político, Pinar del Río)
38) Yris Tamara Pérez Aguilera (hermana del preso político Mario Alberto Pérez Aguilera)
39) Maria Esther Blanco Aguirre (esposa del preso político Próspero Gainza Agüero)
40) Aniley Puente Varela (esposa del preso político Fidel Suárez Cruz)
41) Juan Francisco Sigler Amaya (hermano de los presos político Guido y Ariel Sigler Amaya)
42) Haydee Galván Canals (madre del preso político Ricardo Galván Casals)
43) Noelia Pedraza Jiménez (esposa del preso político en licencia extrapenal Ariel Sigler Amaya)
44) Idalmis Desdín Salgueiro (madre del preso político Juan Luis Rodríguez Desdín)
45) Tania Montoya Vázquez (esposa del preso político Raumel Vinajera Estibe)
46) Lourdes Esquivel Vieyto (madre del preso político Ernesto Díaz Esquivel)
47) José Marino Ortiz Molina (padre del mártir Orlando Zapata Tamayo)
48) José Luis Ortiz Molina (hermano del mártir Orlando Zapata Tamayo)
49) Rogelio Zapata Tamayo (hermano del mártir Orlando Zapata Tamayo)
50) Reina María Ortiz Tamayo (hermana del mártir Orlando Zapata Tamayo)
51) Israel Zapata Tamayo (hermana del mártir Orlando Zapata Tamayo)
52) Marisol del Sol Laguna (cuñada del mártir Orlando Zapata Tamayo)
53) Dulce María Terri Pinio (cuñada del mártir Orlando Zapata Tamayo)
54) Idania Yanes Contreras (Villa Clara)
55) Sara Marta Fonseca Quevedo (Ciudad de La Habana)
56) Caridad Caballero Batista (Holguín)
57) Martha Díaz Rondón (Holguín)
58) Juan Oriol Verdecia Evora (Holguín)
59) Cristián Toranzo Fundichely (Holguín)
60) Maiky Martorell Mayans (Las Tunas)
61) Rafael Leyva Leyva (Holguín)
62) Heriberto Liranza Romero (Ciudad de La Habana)
63) Julio Alberto Romero Muñoz (Camagüey)
64) Idalmis Nuñez Reinosa (Santiago de Cuba)
65) Alcides Rivera Rodríguez (Villa Clara)
66) Aramilda Contreras Rodríguez (Villa Clara)
67) Belkis Bárbara Portal Prado (Camagüey)
68) Carlos Manuel Hernández Reyes (Guantánamo)
69) Diosiris Santana Pérez (Villa Clara)
70) Donaida Pérez Paceiro (Villa Clara)
71) Julián Enrique Martínez Baez (Provincia Habana)
72) Raudel Avila Lozada (Santiago de Cuba)
73) Segundo Rey Cabrera González (Sanctí Spíritus)
74) Adriano Castañeda Meneses (Sanctí Spíritus)
75) Ulises Sigler González (Matanzas)
76) Yoandri Naoski Ricardo Mir (Holguín)
77) Francisco Luis Manzanet Ortiz (Guantánamo)
78) Esteban Sander Suárez (Holguín)
79) Julio Ignacio León Pérez (Ciudad de La Habana)
80) Luz María Barceló Padrón (Provincia Habana)
81) Adrián del Sol Alfonso (Villa Clara)
82) Agustín Alonso Parada (Santiago de Cuba)
83) Agustín Civil Ruiz (Guantánamo)
84) Alberto Fabiel Cuesta (Guantánamo)
85) Alberto Ortega Visoso (Ciudad de La Habana)
86) Alberto Sigler Estrada (Matanzas)
87) Alejandro Manuel Raimon Tantau (Guantánamo)
88) Alexander Riquelme Sabirne (Guantánamo)
89) Alexander Rodríguez Santiesteban (Holguín)
90) Alexei Aguirrezabal Rodríguez (Santiago de Cuba)
91) Alexei Martínez Rojas (Villa Clara)
92) Alexis Kuan Jerez (Santiago de Cuba)
93) Alexis Madrigal Valles (Camagüey)
94) Alexis Pérez Lobo (Guantánamo)
95) Alfredo Montano Ramos (Ciudad de La Habana)
96) Alicia García Padrón (Matanzas)
97) Alina Leiva Blanco (Guantánamo)
98) Amaris Fuentes Díaz (Ciudad de La Habana)
99) Amé Lisbet Bertot Pileta (Guantánamo)
100) Amparo Castellanos Sánchez (Ciudad de La Habana)
101) Ana Elvira Guilarte Tantau (Guantánamo)
102) Ana Fernández Mora (Ciudad de La Habana)
103) Ana Rosa Alfonso Arteaga (Villa Clara)
104) Andrés Díaz Prieto (Santiago de Cuba)
105) Ángel Abad Herrera (Guantánamo)
106) Ángel Álvarez Tejera (Santiago de Cuba)
107) Angel Batista Vega (Holguín)
108) Ángel Frómeta Lobaina (Guantánamo)
109) Ángel Lino Isaac Luna (Santiago de Cuba)
110) Ángel Pérez Bernal (Sanctí Spíritus)
111) Ángel Suárez Rodríguez (Guantánamo)
112) Aniuska Jarrosay Rodríguez (Guantánamo)
113) Anneris Salazar Sera (Holguín)
114) Antonio Alonso Pérez (Santiago de Cuba)
115) Antonio Cruz Sánchez (Ciudad de La Habana)
116) Antonio Pérez Romero (Ciudad de La Habana)
117) Aracely Rodríguez Expósito (Holguín)
118) Arelis Sánchez Osoria (Guantánamo)
119) Ariel Cruz Meneses (Holguín)
120) Armando de la Caridad Giral Cuello (Guantánamo)
121) Armando Giral Pérez (Guantánamo)
122) Armando Rodríguez Lama (Ciudad de La Habana)
123) Arsenio Torres (Santiago de Cuba)
124) Arturo Montgomery Mackeever Yates (Ciudad de La Habana)
125) Aurelio Cabrera González (Sanctí Spíritus)
126) Aymé Garcé Leiva (Santiago de Cuba)
127) Baniuska Ramos Luzardo (Holguín)
128) Bartolo Márquez Alcebo (Ciudad de La Habana)
129) Beatriz Gómez García (Matanzas)
130) Belkis Contreras Rodríguez (Villa Clara)
131) Benedicto Divas Bambino (Ciudad de La Habana)
132) Boris Rodríguez Jiménez (Ciudad de La Habana)
133) Brigida Milagros González (Ciudad de La Habana)
134) Calixto Ramón Martinez Arias (Ciudad de La Habana)
135) Caridad Burunate Gómez (Matanzas)
136) Caridad González González (Matanzas)
137) Caridad Guilarte Tantau (Guantánamo)
138) Carina Medina Moran (Guantánamo)
139) Carlos Alberto Pumar Mojeda (Ciudad de La Habana)
140) Carlos Alberto Reyes Casanova (Santiago de Cuba)
141) Carlos Arancel González Morera (Ciudad de La Habana)
142) Carlos Cainle Santos (Holguín)
143) Carlos Manuel Cárdenas González (Ciudad de La Habana)
144) Carmelo Rodríguez Rodríguez (Ciudad de La Habana)
145) Carmen del Pilar Alonso Samé (Santiago de Cuba)
146) Ciro Alexis Reyes Casanova (Villa Clara)
147) Claribel Almenares Mestre (Guantánamo)
148) Colasí Borroto Betancourt (Ciudad de La Habana)
149) Dagoberto Santana Marichal (Matanzas)
150) Dailyn Danubis Guerrero (Holguín)
151) Dairi Cantalapiedra Llorente (Guantánamo)
152) Damaris Figueredo Ramírez (Camagüey)
153) Damaris Moya Portieles (Villa Clara)
154) Danay Castro Sánchez (Ciudad de La Habana)
155) Dania Abad Pelegrin (Guantánamo)
156) Danielis Betancourt Leyva (Guantánamo)
157) David Álvarez Wuantón (Santiago de Cuba)
158) David Rodríguez Escalona (Holguín)
159) Delmis Echemendía Cruz (Santiago de Cuba)
160) Delvis Martínez Alvides (Holguín)
161) Dennis Jáuregui Correa (Ciudad de La Habana)
162) Dennis José Duju Herrero (Guantánamo)
163) Dianelys Almeida Vázquez (Holguín)
164) Diani Leiva Pérez (Holguín)
165) Diosvany Matos Osoria (Guantánamo)
166) Doraisa Correoso Pozo (Santiago de Cuba)
167) Edel Modesto Peralta Rouge (Sanctí Spíritus)
168) Edelia Mayea Cruz (Matanzas)
169) Edile Moreno Fernández (Matanzas)
170) Edilio Morales Guivert (Ciudad de La Habana)
171) Eduardo Manuel González Mojena (Holguín)
172) Eduardo Pérez Martínez (Santiago de Cuba)
173) Eduardo Torres Hernández (Santiago de Cuba)
174) Eldris González Poso (Santiago de Cuba)
175) Eleonora Alejandrina Velásquez (Holguín)
176) Eliécer Aranda Matos (Guantánamo)
177) Eliécer Blanco Ferguson (Guantánamo)
178) Eliercelis Olivares Herrera (Guantánamo)
179) Elisa Milagros Rainiel Acosta (Guantánamo)
180) Elisabel Regla Alonso Castellanos (Ciudad de La Habana)
181) Elvis Batista Castillo (Guantánamo)
182) Emeterio Tomás Begerano Hernández (Ciudad de La Habana)
183) Emilia Valdés Márquez (Ciudad de La Habana)
184) Emilio Almaguer de la Cruz (Guantánamo)
185) Ener Grañas Leyva (Holguín)
186) Englys Mouly Dragué Raimel (Guantánamo)
187) Enrique Domínguez Iglesia (Ciudad de La Habana)
188) Enrique Estrada Peña (Guantánamo)
189) Enrique López Bermúdez (Camagüey)
190) Ericsson Rodríguez Bonet (Holguín)
191) Erinaldo Pérez Escalona (Santiago de Cuba)
192) Erismel Rodríguez Reina (Santiago de Cuba)
193) Ermogenes Inocencio Guerrero Gómez (Ciudad de La Habana)
194) Ernesto Díaz Silva (Ciudad de La Habana)
195) Ernesto Espinosa Lozano (Camagüey)
196) Ernesto Leonarda Soler Nieves (Ciudad de La Habana)
197) Ernesto Rodríguez López (Ciudad de La Habana)
198) Ernesto Ruiz Mendoza (Guantánamo)
199) Eugenio Manuel Estepe Bernal (Sanctí Spíritus)
200) Fabio Gurry Díaz (Holguín)
201) Felix Reyes Gutiérrez (Villa Clara)
202) Fernando Díaz Hernández (Villa Clara)
203) Flores Borroto García (Ciudad de La Habana)
204) Frank Amaury Pérez Romero (Ciudad de La Habana)
205) Francisco Álvarez Rivera (Guantánamo)
206) Francisco Fuste Rodríguez (Santiago de Cuba)
207) Francisco Leiva Álvarez (Holguín)
208) Francisco María Mora Fuente (Ciudad de La Habana)
209) Francisco Osoria Claro (Guantánamo)
210) Francisco Rangel Manzano (Matanzas)
211) Frank Reyes Lopez (Villa Clara)
212) Freddy Nuñez Sarduy (Villa Clara)
213) Freddy Tito Romero (Ciudad de La Habana)
214) Fulgencio Fernández Fonseca (Santiago de Cuba)
215) Gabriel Camilo García Gómez (Ciudad de La Habana)
216) Gabriel Yosmar Díaz Sánchez (Granma)
217) Gertrudis Ojeda Suárez (Holguín)
218) Gillian Garrido Nuñez (Santiago de Cuba)
219) Giraldo Matos Velásquez (Guantánamo)
220) Gladis Leyva Martínez (Holguín)
221) Gonzalo Nicolás de La Barca Pedraza (Villa Clara)
222) Grisis Rene Saviñon (Guantánamo)
223) Gulliver Sigler González (Matanzas)
224) Gustavo Beltrán Estepe (Sanctí Spíritus)
225) Héctor Hernández Román (Ciudad de La Habana)
226) Héctor López Pérez (Guantánamo)
227) Henry Sánchez Martínez (Santiago de Cuba)
228) Hernán Mesa Cabrera (Holguín)
229) Hilma Aguilera Tamayo (Ciudad de La Habana)
230) Himilsi Tei Cabrera (Santiago de Cuba)
231) Hugo Flores Ojeda (Guantánamo)
232) Hugo Prieto Quevedo (Pinar del Río)
233) Hugo Utria Tontón (Guantánamo)
234) Humberto Brulut Suárez (Guantánamo)
235) Humberto Martínez Almeida (Ciudad de La Habana)
236) Idael Rosales Rojas (Santiago de Cuba)
237) Idalmis Ruizánchez Hernández (Ciudad de La Habana)
238) Idania Aguilera Miranda (Holguín)
239) Ignacio Díaz Silva (Ciudad de La Habana)
240) Ignacio León Fonseca (Ciudad de La Habana)
241) Inet Trelles Altabas (Holguín)
242) Inímas Marcos Mondeja (Holguín)
243) Isabel Ramos Martínez (Ciudad de La Habana)
244) Ísael Torres Jomarrón (Holguín)
245) Isbel Morales Janis (Guantánamo)
246) Jackson García Brok (Ciudad de La Habana)
247) Jean Eduardo Troché Montoya (Santiago de Cuba)
248) Jemeis Nelida Giral Medina (Guantánamo)
249) Jenrry Verges Pérez (Ciudad de La Habana)
250) Jesús Álvarez Aguado (Camagüey)
251) Jesús Emilio Hernández Figueroa (Ciudad de La Habana)
252) Jesús García Fernández (Matanzas)
253) Jonny Antonio Colas Díaz (Guantánamo)
254) Jordan Mariño Fernández (Holguín)
255) Jorge Alberto Valdespino Gago (Ciudad de La Habana)
256) Jorge Félix Andarsio Hernández (Ciudad de La Habana)
257) Jorge Fernández Mora (Ciudad de La Habana)
258) Jorge López López (Guantánamo)
259) Jorge Luís Corrales Romero (Guantánamo)
260) Jorge Luis Ferrer Duruti (Santiago de Cuba)
261) Jorge Luís López Tamayo (Guantánamo)
262) Jorge Luis Pérez Leiva (Holguín)
263) Jorge Luís Raimon Tantau (Guantánamo)
264) Jorge Luis Rivas Marín (Holguín)
265) Jorge Manuel Macook Hernández (Ciudad de La Habana)
266) José Angel Lorenzo Otero (Santiago de Cuba)
267) José Antonio Ferrá Gómez (Holguín)
268) José Antonio Pérez Morel (Matanzas)
269) José Antonio Rivero Lafita (Ciudad de La Habana)
270) José Ávalos Pérez (Ciudad de La Habana)
271) José Batista Falcón (Santiago de Cuba)
272) José Castellano Pérez (Holguín)
273) José Enrique Martínez Ferrer (Santiago de Cuba)
274) José Francisco Tejera Díaz (Ciudad de La Habana)
275) José Lino Asencio López (Villa Clara)
276) José Manuel Ceballos Agramonte (Guantánamo)
277) José Miguel Robaina Winter (Guantánamo)
278) Juan Alberto Carmona Ceballos (Ciudad de La Habana)
279) Juan Carlos Bous Batista (Ciudad de La Habana)
280) Juan Carlos Carmona Ceballos (Ciudad de La Habana)
281) Juan Carlos Castellano Zamora (Ciudad de La Habana)
282) Juan Carlos Figueroa (Santiago de Cuba)
283) Juan Carlos Rodríguez Céspedes (Holguín)
284) Juan Enrique Medina García (Santiago de Cuba)
285) Juan Ramón García Ramírez (Holguín)
286) Juan Ricardo Formesa Brid (Guantánamo)
287) Julia Isabel Saborí García (Ciudad de La Habana)
288) Julián Guerra Berie (Ciudad de La Habana)
289) Julio Antonio García (Guantánamo)
290) Julio César Cabrera Bichot (Ciudad de La Habana)
291) Julio Cesar Pérez Zaldivar (Holguín)
292) Julio César Valcarcel Ballester (Santiago de Cuba)
293) Julio Emilio Álvarez Toledo (Ciudad de La Habana)
294) Julio Gómez Ochoa (Holguín)
295) Julio León Fonseca (Ciudad de La Habana)
296) Keily Cabrera Castellanos (Ciudad de La Habana)
297) Kenia Legrin Eguiet (Guantánamo)
298) Lázaro Antonio Pérez González (Ciudad de La Habana)
299) Lázaro Rosales Rojas (Santiago de Cuba)
300) Lázaro Sigler González (Matanzas)
301) Leidis Blanco Díaz (Ciudad de La Habana)
302) Leodan Montoya Hernández (Ciudad de La Habana)
303) Leonardo Cantillo Galván (Guantánamo)
304) Leonardo Pérez Franco (Santiago de Cuba)
305) Leonardo Pita Díaz (Ciudad de La Habana)
306) Leticia Vega Torres (Holguín)
307) Letsy Adela Saavedra Sánchez (Holguín)
308) Lianette Escalona Expósito (Holguín)
309) Liener Enamorado Pacheco (Guantánamo)
310) Lino Ubernel García Velásquez (Holguín)
311) Lisandro Rodríguez Bonet (Holguín)
312) Lissette González Rodríguez (Holguín)
313) Loreto Hernández García (Villa Clara)
314) Lucio Núñez Suaznaval (Ciudad de La Habana)
315) Luis Alberto Amita Sánchez (Ciudad de La Habana)
316) Luis Blay Yánez (Ciudad de La Habana)
317) Luis Enrique Lozada Igarza (Santiago de Cuba)
318) Luis González Medina (Provincia Habana)
319) Luis Martínez Pérez (Santiago de Cuba)
320) Llopis Danis Oliva (Ciudad de La Habana)
321) Maira Leiva Reyes (Ciudad de La Habana)
322) Maiteé de la Caridad Valenzuela Roig (Ciudad de La Habana)
323) Manuel García Guerra (Ciudad de La Habana)
324) Manuel Hernández León (Holguín)
325) Manuel Salinas Espinosa (Santiago de Cuba)
326) Manuel Sardiñas Sañu (Santiago de Cuba)
327) Marcelina Dora Lara Morales (Villa Clara)
328) Mari Blanca Ávila Expósito (Holguín)
329) Maria Alfonso Córdova (Guantánamo)
330) María de los Ángeles Valenzuela Roig (Ciudad de La Habana)
331) María de Lourdes Valenzuela Roig (Ciudad de La Habana)
332) María Hortensia Milán Pedroso (Ciudad de La Habana)
333) María Pérez Almaguer (Holguín)
334) Maricel Guilarte Tantau (Guantánamo)
335) Mariela Amita Sánchez (Ciudad de La Habana)
336) Mario Alberto Hernández Leyva (Ciudad de La Habana)
337) Mario Mateo Guinera (Ciudad de La Habana)
338) Marisol Caballero Escalona (Ciudad de La Habana)
339) Maritza Amita Sánchez (Ciudad de La Habana)
340) Maritza Rodríguez Martínez (Ciudad de La Habana)
341) Maritza Suárez Valdés (Ciudad de La Habana)
342) Marlene Pupo Fons (Holguín)
343) Marlenes Leyva Leyva (Holguín)
344) Marta Belkis Rodríguez (Ciudad de La Habana)
345) Marta Bravo Pérez (Villa Clara)
346) Máximo Roberto Fonseca Vizoso (Villa Clara)
347) Mayolis Prado Calderón (Guantánamo)
348) Meinardo de la Cruz Barcelé (Santiago de Cuba)
349) Miguel Angel Guilarte Leiva (Holguín)
350) Miguel Ángel López Herrera (Guantánamo)
351) Miguel Oliva Negrín (Ciudad de La Habana)
352) Miguel Rafael Cabrera Montoya (Santiago de Cuba)
353) Mildred Noemi Sánchez Infante (Holguín)
354) Minerva Ramos Meva (Camagüey)
355) Miralis Fuentes Reyes (Guantánamo)
356) Misleidis Fernández Romero (Ciudad de La Habana)
357) Moraima Monteagudo Lafitta (Guantánamo)
358) Nancy García López (Camagüey)
359) Neldo Iván Echevarría Perdomo (Ciudad de La Habana)
360) Nelly Buzzy Ramírez (Holguín)
361) Nersa Fernández Fonseca (Santiago de Cuba)
362) Nieves Portilla De Armas (Matanzas)
363) Niover García Fournier (Guantánamo)
364) Niurka Caridad Ortega Cruz (Ciudad de La Habana)
365) Noel Gutiérrez Almaguer (Holguín)
366) Noel Rojas Milian (Ciudad de La Habana)
367) Norberto Raúl Cuiter (Ciudad de La Habana)
368) Norvis Otero Suárez (Ciudad de La Habana)
369) Obdulia Acanda Antigua (Matanzas)
370) Odalys Caridad Sanabria Rodríguez (Ciudad de La Habana)
371) Olennis Briñorte Estrib (Guantánamo)
372) Olimpio Antonio Suárez Martínez (Guantánamo)
373) Olivia Bonet Pupo (Holguín)
374) Omar Sánchez Reinosa (Santiago de Cuba)
375) Omar Suárez Rodríguez (Cienfuegos)
376) Orlando Bouch Alonso (Ciudad de La Habana)
377) Orlando Gutiérrez López (Santiago de Cuba)
378) Ortelio Hernández Ruiz (Camagüey)
379) Oscar Sierra Hernández (Ciudad de La Habana)
380) Osiris Hernández Cardoso (Ciudad de La Habana)
381) Osmany Espada Rodríguez (Holguín)
382) Osvani Echevarria García (Ciudad de La Habana)
383) Patricia Martín López (Ciudad de La Habana)
384) Pavel Maturell Morales (Santiago de Cuba)
385) Pedro Guillermo Sanabria Ramos (Ciudad de La Habana)
386) Pedro Jesús Callejas Lezcano (Pinar del Río)
387) Rafael Martínez Ferrerira (Ciudad de La Habana)
388) Rafael Martínez Leiva (Holguín)
389) Rafael Martínez Ruíz (Ciudad de La Habana)
390) Rafael Meneses Pupo (Holguín)
391) Rafael Rogelio Mur Zayas (Ciudad de La Habana)
392) Ramón Álvarez Arias (Santiago de Cuba)
393) Ramón Arbolaez Abreu (Matanzas)
394) Ramón Reyes Orama (Holguín)
395) Ramón Soto Costa (Camagüey)
396) Randy Caballero Suárez (Guantánamo)
397) Raúl Cantillo Pineda (Guantánamo)
398) Raúl Matos Savón (Guantánamo)
399) Raúl Parada Ramírez (Ciudad de La Habana)
400) Reinaldo Escandell Silva (Ciudad de La Habana)
401) Reinier Ariel Arocha Telles (Santiago de Cuba)
402) Reinier Leiva Hernández (Ciudad de La Habana)
403) Reinier Ríos Estrada (Santiago de Cuba)
404) Rene Alonso Galván (Guantánamo)
405) Rene Armando Hierrezuelo Arafet (Santiago de Cuba)
406) Reudy Matos Vallejo (Guantánamo)
407) Rey Antonio Fernández Forbes (Ciudad de La Habana)
408) Reynaldo Alexander García Pozo (Guantánamo)
409) Reynaldo Laborde García (Guantánamo)
410) Ricardo Velásquez Pérez (Holguín)
411) Robert Montero Tamayo (Santiago de Cuba)
412) Roberto Camilo Santiesteban Batista (Holguín)
413) Roberto Carlos Reyes Labrada (Holguín)
414) Roberto de La Rosa Estrada (Santiago de Cuba)
415) Roberto Fernández Fonseca (Santiago de Cuba)
416) Roberto Formigó Ortiz (Santiago de Cuba)
417) Roberto González Pelegrin (Guantánamo)
418) Roberto Leyva Leyva (Holguín)
419) Roberto Marcyllí Aguirre (Ciudad de La Habana)
420) Roberto Martínez Perdomo (Holguín)
421) Roberto Reyes Hernández (Ciudad de La Habana)
422) Roberto Rodríguez Mesa (Holguín)
423) Rodis Mustelier Caignet (Santiago de Cuba)
424) Rodney Antonio González Rodríguez (Santiago de Cuba)
425) Rodolfo Fernández Fonseca (Santiago de Cuba)
426) Rodolfo Ramírez Cardoso (Ciudad de La Habana)
427) Rogelio Tabio López (Guantánamo)
428) Rogelio Tabio Ramírez (Guantánamo)
429) Roilandis Pérez Bartolo (Guantánamo)
430) Roiny Brokan Odens (Guantánamo)
431) Rolando Díaz Silva (Ciudad de La Habana)
432) Rolando Luis Ramírez Cabrera (Ciudad de La Habana)
433) Rolando Muñoz Arana (Camagüey)
434) Rolando Reyes Bring (Santiago de Cuba)
435) Rolando Tudela Iribar (Guantánamo)
436) Ronald Ruz Rojas (Holguín)
437) Roque Emilio Martínez Angúlo (Villa Clara)
438) Rosaida Ramírez Matos (Guantánamo)
439) Rubén Sanchez Vega (Santiago de Cuba)
440) Samuel Leblán Pavón (Santiago de Cuba)
441) Sara Marta Quevedo Vázquez (Villa Clara)
442) Sarai Guisado Paz (Ciudad de La Habana)
443) Silvia Paula Castro Sánchez (Ciudad de La Habana)
444) Teófilo Alvarez Gil (Camagüey)
445) Teresa Rodríguez Gómez (Santiago de Cuba)
446) Teresa Sales Rayo (Guantánamo)
447) Usbel Cabrera Rosales (Santiago de Cuba)
448) Vanesa Rodríguez Domínguez (Matanzas)
449) Víctor Cuello Milian (Ciudad de La Habana)
450) Victor Quindelan Sánchez (Holguín)
451) Victoria Díaz Silva (Ciudad de La Habana)
452) Walter Cañete Cruz (Holguín)
453) Wilfredo Cruz Álvarez (Santiago de Cuba)
454) William Cepero Cordero (Santiago de Cuba)
455) William Rodríguez Paredes (Provincia Habana)
456) William Rufin Valenzuela (Ciudad de La Habana)
457) Yadira Rodríguez Bombino (Ciudad de La Habana)
458) Yamile Taple Leandro (Ciudad de La Habana)
459) Yamilia de la Torre Guerrero (Holguín)
460) Yanorki Oberto Ferrera (Santiago de Cuba)
461) Yaquelín Caballero Ibert (Guantánamo)
462) Yaquelin Mejias Pérez (Guantánamo)
463) Yaritza Rodríguez Céspedes (Holguín)
464) Yasmani Nicle Abad (Ciudad de La Habana)
465) Yelaine Martínez Caballero (Ciudad de La Habana)
466) Yelena Garcés Nápoles (Santiago de Cuba)
467) Yenisey Betancourt de Armas (Ciudad de La Habana)
468) Yennly Hernández Rumbon (Ciudad de La Habana)
469) Yenny Betancourt Morin (Ciudad de La Habana)
470) Yipsys Izquierdo Ramos (Camagüey)
471) Yisel Cruz Montejo (Pinar del Río)
472) Yoan Manuel Rojas (Ciudad de La Habana)
473) Yoan Mesa Saborí (Ciudad de La Habana)
474) Yoandri Beltrán Gamboa (Guantánamo)
475) Yoanis Sousa Moreno (Matanzas)
476) Yoel Arteaga Cuello (Ciudad de La Habana)
477) Yoel Imelis Hernández (Guantánamo)
478) Yoel Mesa Saborí (Ciudad de La Habana)
479) Yoennis Rodríguez Reyes (Guantánamo)
480) Yolanda Santana Ayala (Holguín)
481) Yonal Rodríguez Ávila (Holguín)
482) Yordanis Bonal Bolívar (Guantánamo)
483) Yorledis Duvalón Guivert Ortiz (Santiago de Cuba)
484) Yosbel Cuellar González (Ciudad de La Habana)
485) Yudelmis Fonseca Rondón (Holguín)
486) Yudisleyvis Saavedra Sánchez (Holguín)
487) Yuleysis Garcés Pérez (Santiago de Cuba)
488) Yumed Ramos Reyes (Ciudad de La Habana)
489) Yunier Casales Pérez (Santiago de Cuba)
490) Yunier Reina Hernández (Ciudad de La Habana)
491) Yuniesky Domínguez González (Santiago de Cuba)
492) Yuvel Chacón Paján (Guantánamo)
493) Zoila Hernández Díaz (Ciudad de La Habana)
494) Zulema Lay Sangrona (Ciudad de La Habana)

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Spanish Post

While I write this, Egberto Angel Escobedo Morales is dying while on hunger strike in the sinister prison Ceramica Roja in Camaguey. We seriously fear for his life, and hope that, just like Zapata, he awakens the compassion of the world when nothing else can be done for him and when they order his death, just like they did for the black brick-layer. The reports that come to us from prison alert us that he could die at any moment.

There are various things that conspire against Escobedo Morales. First, despite the fact that he is a peaceful defender of human rights, he does not benefit from the sacrosanct status of a prisoner of conscience recognized by Amnesty International. He also is not listed as one of the 26 most sick prisoners, and worst of all, he does not have a relative in Cuba who will speak out for him or will demonstrate in front of his jail to pressure the regime to save his life.

Fifty something days on hunger strike within one of these dungeons is more than enough for the internal resistance to go out and fight for the sake of saving his life. What are we waiting for?

For more information about the hunger striker:

He is in prison on supposed charges of espionage and enemy propaganda. He is a founding member of the Pedro Luis Boitel Political Prisoner Association. Due to his position as a political prisoner and his constant labor of denouncing abuses from his jail cell, he is a constant victim of all sorts of tortures and mistreatments. In addition, he is a unyielding political prisoner whom refuses to wear the uniform of a common prisoner and take part in the indoctrination system of the jail.

Translated by Raul G.

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